Motor Skills Development: Optimization of Teaching Boys Aged 14
The study objective is to substantiate the modes of alternation of physical exercises and rest intervals in the process of teaching series of tasks aimed at motor skills development in boys aged 14 years.
Materials and methods. The participants in the study were 40 boys aged 14. The children and their parents were fully informed about all the features of the study and gave their consent to participate in the experiment. To achieve the objective set, the following research methods were used: study and analysis of scientific and methodological literature; pedagogical observation, timing of training tasks; pedagogical experiment, methods of mathematical statistics, methods of mathematical experiment planning.
Results. The results of the analysis of variance and regression models show that the optimal mode of performing series of training tasks is within the range of 6-12 exercise repetitions with rest intervals of 60-120 seconds. In the proposed matrix of factorial design, the selected step of factor variation is sufficient to study the impact of different modes of physical exercises on the effectiveness of teaching children and adolescents.
Conclusions. A 22 type experiment made it possible to examine the multifactorial structure of the process of teaching boys aged 14, using the program of algorithmic instructions, to specify the optimal balance between factors for their use when teaching physical exercises during physical education classes.
The best options for teaching series of tasks to boys aged 14 during physical education classes are: series 1 — 12 repetitions, rest interval of 120 s; series 2 — 12 repetitions, rest interval of 60 s; series 3 — 6 repetitions, rest interval of 60 s; series 4 — 12 repetitions, rest interval of 60 s; series 5 — 12 repetitions, rest interval of 120 s; series 6 — 6 repetitions, rest interval of 60 s.
Khudolii, O.M., & Ivashchenko, O.V. (2014). Simulation of the learning process and development of motor abilities in children and adolescents: Monograph. Kharkiv : OVS, 320. (in Ukrainian)
Ivashchenko, O.V. (2016). Modelling of physical education students: Monograph. Kharkiv: OVS (in Ukrainian)
Judith Rink, Laura Jones, Kym Kirby, Murray Mitchell, & Panayiotis Doutis (2007). Teacher Perceptions of a Physical Education Statewide Assessment Program. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 78(3), 204-215. https://doi.org/10.1080/02701367.2007.10599418
Chernenko, S.O. (2015). Effectieness of junior form pupils’ training of gymnastic exercises in different modes of their fulfillment. Pedagogics, Psychology, Medical-Biological Problems Of Physical Training And Sports, 19(8), 65-74. https://doi.org/10.15561/18189172.2015.0809
Ivashchenko, O., Iermakov, S., Khudolii, O., Yermakova, T., Cieślicka, M., & Harkusha, S. (2018). Simulation of the regularities of physical exercises learning process of boys aged 8 years old. Pedagogics, Psychology, Medical-Biological Problems of Physical Training and Sports, 22(1), 11-16. https://doi.org/10.15561/18189172.2018.0102
Ivashchenko, O. (2017). Classification of 11-13 yrs girls’ motor fitness, considering level of physical exercises’ mastering. Pedagogics, Psychology, Medical-Biological Problems of Physical Training and Sports, 21(2), 65-70. https://doi.org/10.15561/18189172.2017.0203
Samuel, R. D., Zavdy, O., Levav, M., Reuveny, R., Katz, U., & Dubnov-Raz, G. (2017). The Effects of Maximal Intensity Exercise on Cognitive Performance in Children. Journal of Human Kinetics, 57(1), 85–96. https://doi.org/10.1515/hukin-2017-0050
Balaban, V. (2018). The relationship between objectively measured physical activity and fundamental motor skills in 8 to 11 years old children from the Czech Republic. Montenegrin Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 7(2), 11-16. https://doi.org/10.26773/mjssm.180902
Lopatiev, A., Ivashchenko, O., Khudolii, O., Pjanylo, Y., Chernenko, S. & Yermakova T. (2017). Systemic approach and mathematical modeling in physical education and sports. Journal of Physical Education and Sport (JPES), 17(1), suplement, 146-155. https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2017.s1023
Acher, A., Arca, M., & Sanmarti, N. (2007). Modeling as a teaching learning process for understanding materials: A case study in primary education. Science Education, 91(3), 398–418. https://doi.org/10.1002/sce.20196
Chatzipanteli, A., Digelidis, N., Karatzoglidis, C., & Dean, R. (2016). A tactical-game approach and enhancement of metacognitive behaviour in elementary school students. Physical Education and Sport Pedagogy, 21(2),169–184. https://doi.org/10.1080/17408989.2014.931366
García-Moya, I., Moreno, C., & Jiménez-Iglesias, A. (2012). Building a composite factorial score for the assessment of quality of parent–child relationships in adolescence. European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 10(5), 642–648. https://doi.org/10.1080/17405629.2012.707781
Wang, A., Karns, J. T., & Meredith, W. (2003). Motivation, Stress, Self-Control Ability, and Self-Control Behavior of Preschool Children in China. Journal of Research in Childhood Education, 17(2), 175–187. https://doi.org/10.1080/02568540309595008
Correa, A. A., Grima, P., & Tort-Martorell, X. (2009). Experimentation order with good properties for 2k factorial designs. Journal of Applied Statistics, 36(7), 743–754. https://doi.org/10.1080/02664760802499337
Correa, A. A., Grima, P., & Tort-Martorell, X. (2012). Experimentation order in factorial designs: new findings. Journal of Applied Statistics, 39(7), 1577–1591. https://doi.org/10.1080/02664763.2012.661706
Kapkan, O., Khudolii, O., & Bartik, P. (2018). Pattern Recognition: Physical Exercises Modes During Motor Skills Development in Girls Aged 14. Teorìâ Ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, 18(4), 167-174. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2018.4.02
Kapkan, O., Khudolii, O., & Bartik, P. (2019). Pattern Recognition: Motor Skills Development in Girls Aged 15. Teorìâ Ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, 19(1), 44-52. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2019.1.06
Khudolii, O. M., & Iermakov, S. S. (2011). Regularities of the learning process of young gymnasts. Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, 0(5), 3-18, 35–41. (in Ukrainian) https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2011.5.707
Cantell, M. H., Smyth, M. M., & Ahonen, T. P. (2003). Two distinct pathways for developmental coordination disorder: Persistence and resolution. Human Movement Science, 22(4-5), 413–431. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.humov.2003.09.002
Donovan, C. B., Mercier, K., & Phillips, S. R. (2015). Investigating Attitudes Toward Physical Education: Validation Across Two Instruments. Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, 19(2), 91–98. https://doi.org/10.1080/1091367X.2015.1012511
Herrmann, C., Gerlach, E., & Seelig, H. (2016). Basic motor competences in primary school. Rationale, assessment and empirical testing of a measurement instrument. German Journal of Exercise and Sport Research, 46(2), 60–73. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12662-015-0378-8
Kapkan, O.O. (2015). Features of 14-15 years’ age boys’ training to physical exercises. Pedagogics, Psychology, Medical-Biological Problems Of Physical Training And Sports, 19(9), 26-32. https://doi.org/10.15561/18189172.2015.0904
Ivashchenko, O., Khudolii, O., Iermakov, S., Chernenko, S., & Honcharenko, O. (2018). Full factorial experiment and discriminant analysis in determining peculiarities of motor skills development in boys aged 9. Journal of Physical Education and Sport, 18, 1958-1965. https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2018.s4289
Ivashchenko, O., Abdulkhalikova, T., & Cieślicka, M. (2017). Effectiveness of Motor Skills Development in 5th-7th Grade Boys at Different Modes of Physical Exercises. Teorìâ Ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ, 17(4), 201-207. https://doi.org/10.17309/tmfv.2017.4.1205
Ivashchenko, O., Khudolii, O., Iermakov, S., & Harkusha, S. (2017). Physical exercises’ mastering level in classification of motor preparedness of 11-13 years old boys. Journal of Physical Education and Sport ® (JPES), 17(3), 1031-1036. https://doi.org/10.7752/jpes.2017.03158
Motor Skills Development: Optimization of Teaching Boys Aged 15 Press Headstand and Handstand
Khudolii Oleg, Kapkan Olena, Harkusha Sergii, Marchenko Svitlana & Veremeenko Viktoriia (2020) Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).