Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ https://www.tmfv.com.ua/journal <p><img style="float: left; margin-right: 25px;" src="/public/journals/1/journalThumbnail_en_US.gif" alt="Page Header Logo" width="115">Scientific-methodological journal&nbsp;</p> <p>Professional journal in physical education and sports.</p> <p>The journal publishes manuscripts that focus on:</p> <ul> <li class="show">movement training theory and methodology;</li> <li class="show">physical education of children and teenagers;</li> <li class="show">sports training of children and youth;</li> <li class="show">physical training at school;</li> <li class="show">physical training in prevention and treatment of children’s and teenagers’ illnesses;</li> <li class="show">theory and methodology of professional training of a physical training teacher;</li> <li class="show">legal framework of physical training in Ukraine.</li> </ul> <p>&nbsp;The journal’s regular sections are:</p> <ul> <li class="show">physical training history;</li> <li class="show">physical training education;</li> <li class="show">fundamentals of sports training;</li> <li class="show">fundamentals of youth sports;</li> <li class="show">fundamentals of physical exercise technique;</li> <li class="show">physical training at school;</li> <li class="show">physical education of various population groups;</li> <li class="show">information and computer technologies in physical education and sports;</li> <li class="show">legal framework of physical training in Ukraine.</li> </ul> <p>4 issues per year</p> <p>State registration certificate: series KV No. 6255 as of June 21, 2002.</p> <p>The journal was founded in 2000.</p> <p>p-ISSN 1993-7989, e-ISSN 1993-7997</p> LLC "OVS" en-US Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ 1993-7989 <p>Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:</p> <ol type="a"> <li class="show">Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.</li> <li class="show">Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).</li> </ol> Comparative Analysis of Starting Technique in Competitive Swimming and Finswimming https://www.tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1245 <p><strong>The study purpose</strong> was to determine time characteristics of the start phases: “jump” and “flight” performed by highly-skilled swimmers in competitive swimming and finswimming during the start from the starting block.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> The participants of the pedagogical study were 8 competitive swimming female athletes, 7 – bifin swimming athletes, 4 – monofin swimmers. The swimmers were highly-skilled: among them were three international masters of sport, thirteen masters of sport of Ukraine, and three candidate masters of sport. The study recorded the following indicators: motor reaction time, horizontal flight speed (in different sections); flight acceleration (in different sections).</p> <p><strong>Results</strong>. The difference in horizontal speed in the first section is not statistically significant (<em>p</em> &gt; 0.05). The bifin swimming athletes show higher speed in sections 2 and 4; in section 3, higher speed is shown by the monofin swimmers (<em>p</em> &lt; 0.001). The bifin swimmers show higher results in flight acceleration in sections 1, 2 and 4; in section 3, higher acceleration is shown by the monofin swimmers (<em>p</em> &lt; 0.001).</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> For comparative analysis of the starting technique, it is advisable to use such indicators as motor reaction time, horizontal flight speed, flight acceleration, and flight trajectory indicators as the main criteria.</p> <p>The study found that the time of motor reaction in competitive swimming is the shortest and it is the longest in monofin swimming. The athletes show the highest horizontal flight speed in section 3, the highest acceleration in section 2. The monofin swimming athletes show the highest acceleration in section 3. The second discriminant function with the emphasis on the most informative variables can be used to select the most rational starting technique in finswimming.</p> A. M. Liashenko I. O. Dielova T. O. Omelchenko ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-12-25 2019-12-25 19 4 159 167 10.17309/tmfv.2019.4.01 Research Program: Modeling of Young Gymnasts’ Training Process https://www.tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1281 <p><strong>The study purpose</strong> was to substantiate theoretical and methodological grounds and the concept of a research program of the training process based on modeling of individual components of the young gymnasts’ training system.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> The study involved: 30 gymnasts – 3rd senior category, 30 gymnasts – 2nd senior category, 26 gymnasts – 1st senior category. Young gymnasts participating in the experiment received athletic titles from the 1st category to master of sports (1st c. – 18 persons, CMS – 15 persons, MS – 12), won competitions of different levels.</p> <p>To substantiate the research program, the study used the following methods: modeling, systems approach, methods of theoretical analysis and generalization to reveal the essence, leading development trends of the young gymnasts’ training system and to define theoretical prerequisites and methodological approaches to its further improvement; pedagogical testing, methods of recording sensorimotor reactions, methods of recording the cardiovascular system state, observation and pedagogical experiment to determine young gymnasts’ model characteristics, modes of training loads; methods of mathematical analysis (logistic and asymptotic functions) to determine the regularities of allocating the means of primary focus during motor abilities development, teaching gymnastic exercises and training for competitions; mathematical methods of planning multifactorial experiments to study the regularities of motor abilities development, teaching process and training for competitions. The obtained experimental material was processed using statistical analysis software (SPSS 20).</p> <p><strong>Results. </strong>The developed conceptual approaches to determining the normative characteristics of training loads in the process of young gymnasts’ training include: analysis of the effects of different modes of training on a change in the functional state; determination of the optimal increase in the functional state indicators; calculation of a mode of training that can ensure the optimal increase in the indicators of young gymnasts’ functional state.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> The developed research program makes it possible to define the regularities of motor abilities development, teaching gymnastic exercises and training for competitions; to obtain the models of young gymnasts’ training process. As a result of implementing the research program, the study substantiated factorial designs for studying the influence of modes of alternation of exercises and rest on the effectiveness of motor abilities development, motor skills formation, and the effectiveness of training young gymnasts for competitions.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> O. M. Khudolii ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-12-25 2019-12-25 19 4 168 178 10.17309/tmfv.2019.4.02 Relationship Between Maximum Aerobic Speed Performance and Volleyball Game Motor Power-Explosive Abilities https://www.tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1279 <p><strong>Purpose.</strong> This study aims to estimate the relevant maximum aerobic speed performance and its relationship with volleyball game motor power-explosive abilities. Shown in rugby and soccer science literature, maximal aerobic speed is considered as a critical factor for improving the athlete’s ability to recover from high-intensity and fatiguing actions.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> To achieve this goal, we categorised the motor abilities (vertical jump, spike approach, block jump, 20-meter sprint, T-Test (agility) and standing triple jump) results of 60 elite male players (age 23 ± 1.56 with playing experience up to 5 years in the Oran elite leagues). We based ourselves on their MAS results in two levels (+&nbsp;or&nbsp;– 4 m/s) in 1200 m Shuttle Test as a valuable test to measure player maximal aerobic speed profile.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> Our results approved the performance level of maximal aerobic speed archived at up to 4 (m/s) as the enhanced level directly related to notable levels of players’ motor abilities studied in the present study.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Conclusions. </strong>Our protocol of maximum aerobic speed performance confirmed level 4 (m/s) as the relevant MAS level positively related to motor abilities components such as agility, balance, coordination, power, reaction, and speed, contrary to its lows.</p> Mohammed Zerf Mohamed Hadjar Kherfane Kamel Kohli Lakhdar Louglaib ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-12-25 2019-12-25 19 4 179 185 10.17309/tmfv.2019.4.03 Indicators of Technical and Tactical Actions of Qualified Air Rifle Shooters https://www.tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1282 <p><strong>The purpose of the study</strong> was to define informative indicators of technical and tactical actions of qualified rifle shooting athletes.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> The study involved MSU (number of athletes n = 10), CMSU (number of athletes n = 9). To solve the tasks set, the following research methods were used: analysis and generalization of scientific and methodological literature, pedagogical observation. Pedagogical observation was used to study the peculiarities of technical and tactical indicators of qualified athletes, as well as their motor abilities; methods of mathematical statistics were used to process the experimental data.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> A detailed analysis of competitive activity made it possible to determine that the shot phases “Aiming”, “Shot execution – active shot”, “Preparation for the shot” are informative indicators of technical and tactical actions of qualified rifle shooting athletes. The study determined time parameters of the phases during competitive activity. The difference between the average indicators of the athletes with different sports qualifications is at the limit of 2.55 seconds, which suggests that the duration of the restorative processes of the shooter’s body affects the performance of each shot.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> A detailed analysis of air rifle shooting among men during competitive activity allowed to determine the difference in technical and tactical fitness between the athletes with different sports qualifications of MSU and CMSU levels: “Aiming” – MSU 950.56 seconds, CMSU 1017.91 seconds; “Shot execution – active shot” – MSU 964.45 seconds, CMSU 952.36 seconds; “Preparation for the shot” – MSU 1678.66 seconds, CMSU 1855.19 seconds, “Total execution time” – MSU 3593.68 seconds, CMSU 3825.47 seconds.</p> A. P. Demichkovskyi ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-12-25 2019-12-25 19 4 186 192 10.17309/tmfv.2019.4.04 Technological Principles of Formation of Motor Competence in The Physical Education of Students With Chronic Health Conditions https://www.tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1283 <p><strong>The study objective</strong> is to determine the technological basis for the formation of motor competence of students with chronic health conditions in the process of physical education in universities.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> To solve the research tasks used the methods of theoretical analysis, systematization, comparison of different views on the problem under investigation, generalization of data of scientific-methodical and special literature, general-scientific methods of theoretical level: analogy, analysis, synthesis, abstraction, induction.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> It has been established that the quality of motor competence of students with chronic diseases is the result of an integrated organization of the educational process of physical education. It is established that information, motivational, active and reflexive competences are allocated in the structure of motor competence. As a methodological basis for the development of educational technology for the formation of motor competence of students with chronic diseases in the process of physical education during university study, the proposed technological basis of this process. They include: concretization of the ultimate goal, definition of strategic tasks, organization of actions, which involves determining the content of the pedagogical process of formation of motor competence and control and analysis of the results of this process. It is determined that the development of motor competence of students with chronic diseases in the course of physical education should result in the acquisition of a wide range of theoretical knowledge, practical skills and self-realization in the field of physical culture, aimed at improving their health and maintaining a high level of psychophysical status.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> Formation of motor competence as a key condition for activating the qualitative psychophysical training of the future specialist involves the development and practical implementation of pedagogical technology – a well-defined algorithm of actions to ensure the effectiveness of this process.</p> V. Koryahin O. Blavt T. Gurtova E. Serbo ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-12-25 2019-12-25 19 4 193 199 10.17309/tmfv.2019.4.05 Strength Abilities: Dynamics of Training Effect of Strength Exercises in Girls Aged 9 https://www.tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1284 <p><strong>The study objective</strong> is to determine the influence of the combined method of strength development on the dynamics of training effect in girls aged 9 years.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> The study involved 15 girls aged 9. The experiment was conducted according to the plan shown in Table 1. The study implemented the first variant of the combined method for developing arm and shoulder muscles (place I), abdominal muscle strength (place II), back muscle strength (place III), and leg muscle strength (place IV).</p> <p>The study materials were processed by the statistical analysis software – IBM SPSS 22. Discriminant analysis was performed.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> The discriminant analysis indicates statistically significant changes in the training effect of strength exercises (places І–ІV, р &lt; 0.001). The immediate and delayed training effect of strength exercises depends on the total amount of strength exercises in a physical education lesson. Thus, changes after training at each place of strength development are amplified by the subsequent exercises at other places, the differences between the testing indicators are statistically significant (p = 0.001).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion.</strong> The study determined a positive training effect of strength exercises when using the combined method of strength development in the following modes: dynamic effort method – 3 repetitions, 30-s rest; maximum effort method – 1 repetition, 30-s rest; isometric effort method – 3 repetitions, 30-s rest; repeated effort method – 6 repetitions, 30-s rest. In strength load response, there are an immediate and delayed training effects. Thus it can be argued that it is possible to classify training effects by the presented battery of tests based on discriminant analysis.</p> O. V. Ivashchenko Yu. M. Nosko V. S. Ferents ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0 2019-12-25 2019-12-25 19 4 200 208 10.17309/tmfv.2019.4.06