https://www.tmfv.com.ua/journal/issue/feed Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ 2019-03-19T01:19:28+02:00 Oleg Khudolii tmfv@tmfv.com.ua Open Journal Systems <p><img style="float: left; margin-right: 25px;" src="/public/journals/1/journalThumbnail_en_US.gif" alt="Page Header Logo" width="115">Scientific-methodological journal&nbsp;</p> <p>Professional journal in physical education and sports.</p> <p>The journal publishes manuscripts that focus on:</p> <ul> <li class="show">movement training theory and methodology;</li> <li class="show">physical education of children and teenagers;</li> <li class="show">sports training of children and youth;</li> <li class="show">physical training at school;</li> <li class="show">physical training in prevention and treatment of children’s and teenagers’ illnesses;</li> <li class="show">theory and methodology of professional training of a physical training teacher;</li> <li class="show">legal framework of physical training in Ukraine.</li> </ul> <p>&nbsp;The journal’s regular sections are:</p> <ul> <li class="show">physical training history;</li> <li class="show">physical training education;</li> <li class="show">fundamentals of sports training;</li> <li class="show">fundamentals of youth sports;</li> <li class="show">fundamentals of physical exercise technique;</li> <li class="show">physical training at school;</li> <li class="show">physical education of various population groups;</li> <li class="show">information and computer technologies in physical education and sports;</li> <li class="show">legal framework of physical training in Ukraine.</li> </ul> <p>4 issues per year</p> <p>State registration certificate: series KV No. 6255 as of June 21, 2002.</p> <p>The journal was founded in 2000.</p> <p>p-ISSN 1993-7989, e-ISSN 1993-7997</p> https://www.tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1254 A Study of Specific Coordination Indicators of 11th Grade Girls in Volleyball Training Under Major Program 2019-03-19T01:19:22+02:00 S. I. Marchenko sport-svet1968@ukr.net V. O. Boiechko sport-svet1968@ukr.net <p><strong>The objective of the study</strong> is to analyze the process of volleyball motor skills development on the basis of coordination abilities development in girls aged 16 studying under their major program.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> The study participants were 11<sup>th</sup> grade girls (n=20). To achieve the objective set, the study used the following methods: analysis and generalization of data of scientific and methodological literature, pedagogical testing and methods of mathematical statistics.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> At the beginning of the pedagogical experiment, most of the girls had an average, below average and low levels of coordination abilities. It is necessary to note a low level of performing volleyball-specific technical exercises (various types of passing and receiving a ball, serves, technique and movement speed) by the 11<sup>th</sup> graders.</p> <p>During the development experiment, the study revealed a significant increase in the level of coordination abilities and technical skills in the experimental group girls aged 16 (p&lt;0.05). The dynamics of the obtained data showed that regular exercises aimed at developing special coordination abilities in high school students, offered by the major program, contribute to the quality of performance of basic volleyball exercises.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> The presented results of complex pedagogical testing of coordination abilities of the girls aged 16 can later be used as a basis for the development of experimental programs aimed at optimizing high school students’ physical education.</p> 2018-12-25T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://www.tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1251 Pattern Recognition: Physical Exercises Modes During Motor Skills Development in Girls Aged 14 2019-03-19T01:19:26+02:00 O. O. Kapkan ekapkan@gmail.com O. M. Khudolii khudolii.oleg@gmail.com P. Bartik pavol.bartik@umb.sk <p><strong>The study objective</strong> is to determine physical exercises modes when developing motor skills in girls aged 14.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> The participants in the study were 40 girls aged 14. To achieve the objective set, the following research methods were used: study and analysis of scientific and methodological literature; pedagogical observation, timing of training tasks; pedagogical experiment, methods of mathematical statistics, methods of mathematical experiment planning, discriminant analysis. Results. The first canonical function explains 73.3% of the variation in results, the second function – 21.6%, which indicates their high informativity (<em>r</em><sub>1</sub>=0.898; <em>r</em><sub>2</sub>=0.743). The analysis of canonical functions highlights the statistical significance of the first and second canonical functions (<em>λ</em><sub>1</sub>=.067; <em>р</em><sub>1</sub>=0.001; <em>λ</em><sub>2</sub>=0.346; <em>р</em><sub>2</sub>=0.001). The first and second functions have a high discriminative ability and value of interpretation with respect to the general totality. The number of repetitions for mastering the first and fourth series of training tasks has the largest contribution to the first canonical function. This indicates that the exercises for developing motor abilities and teaching to control movement time and muscular effort influence the effectiveness of teaching a press headstand and handstand. The number of repetitions for mastering the second and third series of training tasks has the largest contribution to the second canonical function. This indicates that starting and ending positions, and actions without which the exercise performance is impossible influence the effectiveness of teaching a press headstand and handstand.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> The discriminant function structure coefficients show that the training program effectiveness is determined by selecting the series of training tasks and their performance modes. To choose the most rational mode of exercises of the series of tasks when teaching girls aged 14 a press headstand and handstand, the first discriminant function can be used with an emphasis on the most informative variables.</p> 2018-12-25T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://www.tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1252 Movement Coordination: Peculiarities of Strength Effort Assessment in Girls Aged 11-13 2019-03-19T01:19:25+02:00 O. V. Ivashchenko public@tmfv.com.ua M. Cieślicka cudaki@op.pl M. O. Nosko chnpu@chnpu.edu.ua D. V. Shcherbyk Shcherbyk.D@gmail.com <p><strong>The purpose of the study</strong> is to determine the peculiarities of strength effort assessment in girls aged 11-13.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> The study participants were girls aged 11 (n=25), 12 (n=27), 13 (n=18). The children and their parents were fully informed about all the features of the study and agreed to participate in the experiment. The paper used methods of scientific literature analysis, testing, methods of mathematical statistics. To determine the peculiarities of strength effort assessment, the study used a t-test for paired observations and a t-test for independent samples.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> The girls aged 11-13 demonstrate the best assessment of effort reproduction at 2/3 of maximum strength. There is no statistically significant age-related dynamics in strength effort assessment in girls aged 11-13. The correlation between the effort reproductions at 1/3, 1/2 and 2/3 of maximum strength is not statistically significant.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> In the process of physical education of girls aged 11-13, special attention should be paid to the development of motor control ability as the component of coordination training of schoolchildren.</p> 2018-12-25T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://www.tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1249 Strength Abilities: Programming for Strength and Strength Endurance Development in Middle-School-Aged Girls 2019-03-19T01:19:27+02:00 V. Yu. Veremeenko viktoriaveremeenko91@gmail.com <p><strong>The study purpose </strong>is to develop a technology of programming for strength and strength endurance development in middle-school-aged girls in a 2-week training cycle.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.&nbsp;</strong>The study participants were 6<sup>th</sup>grade girls (n=20), 7<sup>th</sup>grade girls (n=27), 8<sup>th</sup>grade girls (n=30). The paper used analysis and generalization of data of scientific and methodological literature, pedagogical testing and methods of mathematical statistics for processing research results. The study materials were processed by the IBM SPSS 23 statistical analysis software. The following parameters were calculated: arithmetic mean (X); standard deviation (s). The probability of difference in statistical indicators was estimated using the&nbsp;<em>Student's t</em>-test.</p> <p><strong>Results.&nbsp;</strong>The analysis of the study results showed that after 1-3 circuit training classes, the girls in the experimental group demonstrate a statistically significant, but slight improvement of results in the set of tests (p&lt;0.05). After 1-3 classes of combined training, the experimental group girls show a statistically significant improvement in the results of strength and strength endurance of shoulder muscles, abdominal and back muscles, leg muscles (p&lt;0.05). The comparison between the levels of strength preparedness of the control group girls and experimental group girls after the experiment revealed that the experimental group girls demonstrate statistically significantly better results of strength and strength endurance of shoulder muscles, abdominal and back muscles, leg muscles (p&lt;0.05).</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.&nbsp;</strong>When using 1-3 circuit training classes and 1-3 combined training classes in a 2-week training cycle, the middle-school-aged girls show a positive dynamics of strength and strength endurance development of shoulder muscles, abdominal and back muscles, leg muscles. The method of circuit training is effective to develop general and local strength endurance, the dynamics of strength of the local muscle group is strongly influenced by the combined training.</p> 2018-12-25T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://www.tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1253 Motor Abilities: Description of Motor Preparedness of 7th-9th Grade Girls of Village School 2019-03-19T01:19:23+02:00 Yu. S. Semko volyliser@gmail.com <p><strong>The study purpose</strong> is to determine the age-related peculiarities of motor preparedness of 7<sup>th</sup>-9<sup>th</sup> grade girls of a village school.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> The study involved 7<sup>th</sup> grade girls (n=9), 8<sup>th</sup> grade girls (n=9), 9<sup>th</sup> grade girls (n=12). The children and their parents were fully informed about all the features of the study and gave their consent to participate in the experiment. The following research methods were used to solve the tasks set: analysis of scientific and methodological literature, pedagogical testing and methods of mathematical statistics for processing research results.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> The 7<sup>th</sup>-9<sup>th</sup> grade girls show statistically significant changes in the results of the following tests: test 1 “Shuttle run 4×9 m” (t=5.108, P=0.001); test 3 “Arms’ bending and straightening in a hanging position” (t=-3.448, P=0.003); test 4 “Bent-arm hang” (t=2.216, P=0.047); test 5 “Long jump” (t=-2.161, P=0.044); test 6 “Evaluation of time parameters 5&nbsp;seconds” (t=-2.639, P=0.016); test 9 “Stange’s test” (t=-4.521, P=0.001); test 10 “Genci’s test” (t=-4.662, P=0.001); test 11 “Serkin’s test&nbsp;1” (t=-3.616, P=0.002), and test 12 “Serkin’s test&nbsp;2” (t=-2.400, P=0.027). The 9th grade girls show the best results in tests 1, 2, 5, 6, 9-12. The 7<sup>th</sup> grade girls show the best results in test 4.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> The 7<sup>th</sup>-9<sup>th</sup> grade girls show a positive dynamics of the functional condition of respiratory and circulatory functions. The level of motor and functional preparedness of the village school 7th-9th graders is assessed as average.</p> 2018-12-25T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://www.tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1255 Pattern Recognition: Description of Functional and Motor Preparedness of Students of Higher Educational Institutions 2019-03-19T01:19:20+02:00 S. A. Chernenko chernenko.sergey65@ukr.net S. S. Iermakov sportart@gmail.com O. M. Oliinyk olegoliynyk@ukr.net Yu. O. Dolynnyi chernenko.sergey65@ukr.net <p><strong>The purpose of the study</strong> is to determine the age-related peculiarities of functional and motor preparedness of students of higher educational institutions.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> The study participants were first-year (n=67), second-year (n=66), third-year (n=62), fourth-year (n=45), fifth-year (n=56) male students. The following research methods were used to solve the tasks set: analysis of scientific literature, pedagogical observation, pedagogical testing; index method and medical-biological methods. Pedagogical methods were used to study the peculiarities of functional state of the body and motor abilities of the 1st-5th year students of higher educational institutions; discriminant analysis was used for data processing.</p> <p><strong>Results. </strong>There was no statistically significant difference between the 1st-5th year students by the results of test 5 “100 m run”, test 6 “Standing long jump”. The third-year students had the worst results in functional tests and Romberg’s test. The third-year students had the best results in test&nbsp;7 “Arms’ bending and straightening in a hanging position”.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> Discriminant analysis made it possible to reveal that the third year of study is the most problematic period in students’ physical education; to answer the question as to the significance of difference between the 1st-5th year students by the level of motor and functional preparedness; to define what indicators most significantly influence the differences between the students’ preparedness; what class the object belongs to based on the values of discriminant variables. The discriminant function structure coefficients show that the most significant difference between the test results of the students in different years of study is observed in coordination preparedness.</p> 2018-12-25T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://www.tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1247 Socio-Pedagogical Prerequisites for Fitness-Industry Funсtioning in Belarus 2019-03-19T01:19:28+02:00 V. V. Sadovnikova sadovnikova@tut.by <p><strong>The purpose</strong> of our questionnaire is the uncovering of prerequisites for recognizing fitness as a format of mass physical education.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods. </strong>We questioned 100 respondents ranging in age from 20 to 60, with work experience from 1 to 40 years, more than 60% of the respondents have work experience from 5 to 20 years, and different specialization of work with population (aerobic, strength, competitive, oriental, water kinds of physical activity). The results were processed with statistical distribution-free methods (х²). When the number of testees exceeded 100 (n=100), we used the method of Kolmogorov-Smirnov under normal distribution of selection.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong>. In accordance with the demand, aerobics and strength training occupy the 1<sup>st</sup> place, 30% and 40%, respectively. At the 2<sup>nd </sup>place, we have trouble zones exercises for women, swimming and water aerobics – 30% and 28%, respectively. At the 3<sup>rd</sup> place – sports and outdoor games, stretching – 18% and 13%, respectively. The other forms received less than 8%. The forms presented were evaluated in points, all the points were summed. In general, the demand is estimated to be 1.99±1.31 points out of 12 possible, indicating the specialization in working with the population through the use of fitness technologies, based on 3-4 types of physical activity.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions. </strong>We think that the development of mass sport, sport for everybody, fitness as a means of health improvement is a prerogative of the Government via local authorities, sport organizations, institutions at this level, and, of course, the population.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p>In our opinion, fitness in Belarus functions independently but unsystematically, it develops unilaterally&nbsp;– it is self-organized in the process and in the use of fitness technologies only. The work on intentional development of and managing this form of mass physical education within the system is necessary.</p> 2018-12-25T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://www.tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1256 Pattern Recognition: Parameters of Body Inrun Position at the Beginning of Take-Off 2019-03-19T01:19:18+02:00 A. V. Kazmiruk andriy.kazmiruk84@gmail.com V. I. Banakh anvitvl@ukr.net A. P. Vlasov anvitvl@ukr.net A. O. Lopatiev anvitvl@ukr.net O. F. Tovstonoh anvitvl@ukr.net N. I. Stefanyshyn anvitvl@ukr.net O. M. Khudolii khudolii.oleg@gmail.com <p><strong>The purpose </strong>of the paper is to determine the differences in the technique of body inrun position at the beginning of take-off in junior ski jumpers of different qualifications (athletic preparedness).</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> The study participants were 22 junior ski jumpers aged 14-15 (a group of junior ski jumpers) during the Ukrainian Ski Jumping Championship (October 9, 2010, Vorokhta, Ukraine) and 33 ski jumpers aged 16-17 (a group of senior ski jumpers) who took part in the international competitions “Lotos Cup” in January 2010. The study analyzed the videos of take-offs of 22 athletes aged 14-15 and 33 athletes aged 16-17. The parameters of ski jumping technique and sports results were processed on the basis of video materials of the first competition series.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> There are significant differences (p &lt; 0.001) in the mean values of corresponding parameters of the body position at the beginning of take-off. The data point to a tighter tuck of the body of the athletes aged 16-17. The structure coefficients of the first canonical discriminant function indicate that the function is most significantly related to the values of angles 10 (ν); 8 (ζ); 6 (θ): the inclination angle of the segment of the straight line passing through the axes of the hip and ankle joints (ν) towards the direction of the skier’s movement; the inclination angle of the segment of the straight line passing through the general center of body weight and the axis of the ankle joint (ζ) towards the direction of the skier’s movement; the inclination angle of the head towards the trunk (θ). The athletes aged 16-17 differ from the athletes aged 14-15 by the parameters characterizing the body’s tuck in the starting position – the position at the beginning of take-off.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> The unstandardized canonical discriminant function coefficients can be used to classify the levels of proficiency in the body’s tuck in the starting position – the position at the beginning of take-off in athletes aged 14-17.</p> 2018-12-25T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##