https://www.tmfv.com.ua/journal/issue/feed Teorìâ ta Metodika Fìzičnogo Vihovannâ 2020-03-28T14:49:43+02:00 Oleg Khudolii tmfv@tmfv.com.ua Open Journal Systems <p><img style="float: left; margin-right: 25px;" src="/public/journals/1/journalThumbnail_en_US.gif" alt="Page Header Logo" width="115">Scientific-methodological journal&nbsp;</p> <p>Professional journal in physical education and sports.</p> <p>The journal publishes manuscripts that focus on:</p> <ul> <li class="show">movement training theory and methodology;</li> <li class="show">physical education of children and teenagers;</li> <li class="show">sports training of children and youth;</li> <li class="show">physical training at school;</li> <li class="show">physical training in prevention and treatment of children’s and teenagers’ illnesses;</li> <li class="show">theory and methodology of professional training of a physical training teacher;</li> <li class="show">legal framework of physical training in Ukraine.</li> </ul> <p>&nbsp;The journal’s regular sections are:</p> <ul> <li class="show">physical training history;</li> <li class="show">physical training education;</li> <li class="show">fundamentals of sports training;</li> <li class="show">fundamentals of youth sports;</li> <li class="show">fundamentals of physical exercise technique;</li> <li class="show">physical training at school;</li> <li class="show">physical education of various population groups;</li> <li class="show">information and computer technologies in physical education and sports;</li> <li class="show">legal framework of physical training in Ukraine.</li> </ul> <p>4 issues per year</p> <p>State registration certificate: series KV No. 6255 as of June 21, 2002.</p> <p>The journal was founded in 2000.</p> <p>p-ISSN 1993-7989, e-ISSN 1993-7997</p> https://www.tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1290 Implementation of the Algorithm for Corrective and Preventive Measures in the Process of Adaptive Physical Education of Pupils with Special Needs 2020-03-28T14:49:42+02:00 Svitlana Savliuk d_sveta@ukr.net Vitalii Kashuba kashubavo@gmail.com Victoria Romanova romanova250570@ukr.net Sergiy Afanasiev infiz@ukr.net Nataliia Goncharova nataliinfiz@gmail.com Igor Grygus grigus03@gmail.com Rafal Gotowski rgotowski@wp.pl Ihor Vypasniak kicuk80@gmail.com Andrii Panchuk sportclub.rdgu@ukr.net <p><strong>Purpose.</strong> The research has developed and substantiated the algorithm for implementation of corrective and preventive measures in the process of adaptive physical education of pupils with special needs (visually impaired children with postural disorders).</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> Twenty-eight ten-year-old visually impaired children with postural impairments (scoliotic posture or round back) participated in the experiment. Theoretical analysis, synthesis and generalization of scientific literature, Internet resources, pedagogical experiment, visual posture screening (Bibyk, Kashuba, Nosova, 2012), photography, testing, methods of mathematical statistics.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> The developed algorithm of corrective and preventive measures corresponds to the aim, objectives, conditions, principles, forms, didactics, control measurements, and criteria of effectiveness. During the implementation of the algorithm for corrective and preventive measures in the process of adaptive physical education of visually impaired children with postural disorders in the experimental group, there was a statistically significant (p &lt; 0.05) improvement of the indicators of the posture bio-geometric profile and physical characteristics: strength endurance at significance level p &lt; 0.05 and vertical body strength at significance level p &lt; 0.05 and p &lt; 0.01.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> The results of the researches have confirmed the effectiveness of the developed algorithm for corrective and preventive measures, namely: improvement of the posture bio-geometric profile and increase in the level of physical qualities of visually impaired children with postural disorders. Quantitative changes at the level of p &lt;0.05 and p &lt;0.01 of the studied indicators, harmonious development of the individuals, and successful social adaptation in communication with healthy peers prove the effectiveness of the algorithm. At the end of the transformation experiment, based on the assessment of the posture bio-geometric profile, it was determined that ten-year-old visually impaired children with a scoliotic posture or round back improved their indicators from below-average to above-average level; strength endurance indicators from basic to intermediate and sufficient level of motor readiness; static equilibrium indicators from basic and low to medium and above-average level.</p> 2020-03-25T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://www.tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/pdf Impact of Pilates on the Intensity of Pain in the Spine of Women of the First Mature age 2020-03-28T14:49:43+02:00 Vitalii Kashuba kashubavo@gmail.com Yuliia Tomilina iuliya.tomilina@gmail.com Nataliia Byshevets bishevets@ukr.net Inna Khrypko inna.khrypko@gmail.com Olha Stepanenko olenkast17@gmail.com Igor Grygus grigus03@gmail.com Olga Smoleńska olgasmolenska@umk.pl Svetlana Savliuk d_sveta@ukr.net <p><strong>The purpose </strong>of the study is to determine the dynamics of pain intensity in different parts of the spine in women of the first mature age under the influence of pilates.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> 64 women took part in research. The women were divided into two groups, each of which included 32 people. The study was carried out at the Sokol sports club and the Olimp fitness club in Kiev. We used the questionnaire “Visual analogue scale of pain”.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Results. </strong>We measured the level of pain in the cervical, thoracic and lumbar spine of women of the first mature age. It was found that only 4.69 % of women do not have pain. It was found that women of the first mature age the most often feel painin the cervical region. The women of the control group were engaged in a typical Pilates program. The women of the experimental group were engaged in the author’s program, a feature of which was the use of large equipment during classes. In addition, women who could not attend classes were offered the Pilates computer program. For the experiment, no statistically significant difference between the level of pain in different parts of the spine of women was established. After the experiment, a statistically significant decrease in the level of pain in the lumbar section of women in the experimental group was recorded compared with women in the control group.<span class="Apple-converted-space">&nbsp;</span></p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> The results indicate the effectiveness of large equipment to reduce the level of pain in the back of a woman.</p> 2020-03-25T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://www.tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1308 A Model of Pedometer Determined Physical Activity in Primary School Children 2020-03-28T14:49:42+02:00 Ihor Zanevskyy izanevsky@ukr.net Olena Bodnarchuk olbodn@gmail.com <p><strong>The purpose</strong> of this research is to create a model of interaction between steps/day counts regarding genders, seasons of a year, and days of week.</p> <p><strong>Material and Methods.</strong> Totally 74 of 4-th grade pupils (38 boys and 36 girls) from three primary schools in the industrial city were involved into the pedometer investigation. All the students were good healthy, and they participated in the schools’ lessons of physical education according to the common program. Pedometer determined physical activity was measured during a day using fitness tracker band. The measurements were done during one academic year using three full weeks (a week in autumn, winter, and spring). ANOVA was used to determine differences between samples grouped according days of weeks.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> A strong significant difference between counts of steps during days of week for boys (<em>p</em> = 0.006) and smaller for girls (<em>p</em> = 0.052) were discovered with corresponding parts in the total variation (62.5 and 46.0 %). The same significant differences were discovered between mean counts in seasons (<em>p</em> = 0.053, 0.037) with corresponding parts in the total variation (14.5, 22.8 %). Rather significant variations of interaction between days of week and mean season results took place for boys (23.0%) as well for girls (31.1 %).</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> During evaluation of physical activity in children based on steps/day counts, interaction between gender, season, and day of week should be taken into consideration.</p> 2020-03-25T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://www.tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1319 Potential of New Technologies in Providing Efficiency of Pedagogical Control in Physical Education 2020-03-28T14:49:41+02:00 Victor Koryahin koryahinv@meta.ua Oksana Blavt oksanablavt@ukr.net Oleksandra Vanivska vanivskaoleksandra@gmail.com Volodymyr Stadnyk vova121212131313@ukr.net <p><strong>The study objective</strong> is to substantiate and implement modern electronic automated monitoring systems to improve the testing of speed-strength abilities in the process of physical education.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods</strong><strong>.</strong> To solve the research tasks used the methods of comparing and contrasting are used and analysis, synthesis, abstraction, formalization and technical modeling.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong><strong>.</strong> The developed capacitive sensor device for control of speed-power abilities is presented. The device is built on a combination of modern nanotechnology and microprocessor systems. As part of the device, the array of active electrodes with digital output registers an input signal from a marker placed on the monitoring object and whose position changes during the exercise. Then the digital signal through the interface and the communication line, goes to the signal converter, where it is processed and wireless transmission devices signal goes to the personal computer, where the result of the exercise is displayed.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> Use in pedagogical control of the physical education process of the developed device provides reliable objective test data with little loss of time to ensure the quality of control.</p> 2020-03-25T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://www.tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1329 Research Program: Modeling of Motor Abilities Development and Teaching of Schoolchildren 2020-03-28T14:49:41+02:00 Olha Ivashchenko o.ivashchenko@yahoo.com <p><strong>The purpose</strong> of this study was to find methodological approaches to the development of a research program in modeling the process of teaching physical exercises, motor abilities development and pedagogical control in schoolchildren’s physical education.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> The total number of schoolchildren involved in the experiment was: 6-10 years old – 465 (240 boys and 225 girls); 11-13 years old – 430 schoolchildren (205 boys and 225 girls); 14-16 years old – 221 schoolchildren (122 boys and 99 girls). To achieve the purpose set, the following research methods were used: modeling, systems approach, methods of theoretical analysis and generalization; pedagogical testing, methods of recording the respiratory system state, observation and pedagogical experiment; methods of mathematical analysis (logistic and asymptotic functions); mathematical methods of planning multifactorial experiments. Factor, discriminant, and regression analyses were performed.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> The research program of modeling schoolchildren’s physical education includes the development of factor, discriminant, and regression models to obtain new information for planning and managing the processes of teaching physical exercises, motor abilities development, and pedagogical control in schoolchildren’s physical education.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> Modeling is an effective tool for studying the regularities of motor training and for developing physical education programs for children and adolescents. In the program of modeling schoolchildren’s physical education, initial data, study object, research methods must meet the following conditions: parametrical description (formulation of tasks, consideration of physical components, analysis of coefficients); initial data (information potential, reliability, accuracy, quantity); methods (similarity, accuracy, implementation time, coincidence with control criteria).</p> 2020-03-25T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://www.tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1336 Motor Skills Development: Optimization of Teaching Boys Aged 15 Press Headstand and Handstand 2020-03-28T14:49:40+02:00 Oleg Khudolii khudolii.oleg@gmail.com Olena Kapkan ekapkan@gmail.com Sergii Harkusha kaf_bofvs@ukr.net Svitlana Marchenko sport-svet1968@ukr.net Viktoriia Veremeenko viktoriaveremeenko91@gmail.com <p><strong>The study objective</strong> was to substantiate the modes of alternation of physical exercises and rest intervals when teaching series of tasks aimed at motor skills development in boys aged 15 years.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> The participants in the study were 40 boys aged 15. The children and their parents were fully informed about all the features of the study and gave their consent to participate in the experiment. To achieve the objective set, the following research methods were used: study and analysis of scientific and methodological literature; pedagogical observation, timing of training tasks; pedagogical experiment, methods of mathematical statistics, methods of mathematical experiment planning. During training, the method of algorithmic instructions was used.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> The study found that the effectiveness of mastering series of training tasks depends on a mode of alternation of exercises and rest intervals. The results of analysis of variance and regression models show that the optimal mode of performing series of training tasks is within the range of 6-12 exercise repetitions with rest intervals of 60-120 sesonds. In the proposed matrix of factorial design, the selected step of factor variation is sufficient to study the impact of different modes of physical exercises on the effectiveness of teaching children and adolescents.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> The best options for teaching series of tasks to boys aged 15 during physical education classes are the following: series 1 – 12 repetitions, rest interval of 60–120&nbsp;s; series 2 – 12 repetitions, rest interval of 120 s; series 3 – 12 repetitions, rest interval of 120 s; series 4 – 12 repetitions, rest interval of 120 s; series 5 – 12 repetitions, rest interval of 60 s; series 6 – 12 repetitions, rest interval of 60 s.</p> 2020-03-25T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://www.tmfv.com.ua/journal/article/view/1337 Peculiarities of Motor Fitness Dynamics of 5th-6th Grade Students During a School Year 2020-03-28T14:49:40+02:00 Mykyta Tkachenko whatwherewhengeo@gmail.com <p><strong>The study purpose</strong> was to determine the impact of physical education classes on the dynamics of motor fitness of 5<sup>th</sup>-6<sup>th</sup> grade students.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods.</strong> The study participants were 17 5<sup>th</sup> grade boys and 17 6<sup>th</sup> grade boys. The study used the following methods: analysis of scientific and methodological literature, pedagogical testing and methods of mathematical statistics for processing the study results. Thematic planning of educational work was carried out based on the updated physical education curriculum for 5<sup>th</sup>-9<sup>th</sup> grades of general educational institutions.</p> <p><strong>Results.</strong> There are statistically significant changes in the 5th grade boys’ results of educational standards: Test 2 “Shuttle run 4<em>×</em>9 m (sec)” and Test 4 “Standing long jump (cm)” (<em>p</em> &lt; 0.05). The results in Test 2 improve by 6.2 %, in Test 4 by 7.1 %. There are statistically significant changes in the 6th grade boys’ results of educational standards: Test 2 “Shuttle run 4<em>×</em>9 m (sec)” (<em>p</em> &lt; 0.1) and Test 4 “Standing long jump (cm)” (<em>p</em> &lt; 0.05). The results in Test 2 improve by 4.4 %, in Test 4 by 12.9 %.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions.</strong> Discriminant analysis revealed that by the multivariate mean the boys’ motor fitness at the beginning and end of the school year is classified as two different states. This indicates a positive impact of physical education classes on the dynamics of motor fitness of 5<sup>th</sup> and 6<sup>th</sup> grade boys.<br>The level of schoolchildren’s motor fitness depends on coordination and speed-strength training carried out during physical education classes.</p> 2020-03-25T00:00:00+02:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##